The Roulette Wheel - An Explanation
The roulette wheel is the movable 'bowl' portion of the roulette table
that is divided into red and black numbered pockets (compartments). The
wheel is an extremely sensitive mechanism, usually perfectly balanced
and constructed with the best possible accuracy so that the numbers come
up totally by chance in order for the validity and the honesty of the
game to be reassured, and in order to avoid even the smallest
suspicion or doubt that a
player or the casino itself can be favored.
The European Roulette Wheel
Any disturbance that may occur during a game that will affect the wheel,
can probably affect the game's transaction. For greater protection, some
casinos place transparent plastic enclosure round the wheel.
The wheels are also usually tested for their absolute accuracy. Approximately
thirty thousand balls are shot before the wheels are turned over to the
casinos. This is so that it can be ascertained that there isn't the slightest
inclination or tension that will favor specific numbers. So, in theory,
they arrive to the casinos absolutely balanced.
There are two basic versions of the game of roulette, and with that,
two different types of roulette wheels - The American roulette wheel and
the European roulette wheel.
The American Roulette Wheel
These two types of roulette wheels have two characteristic differences
between them. The first difference is that the American roulette wheel
has 38 numbers, while the European has 37 (from 0 to 36). The extra number
found on the American roulette wheel is the double zero ("00").
The second difference is located in the different order that the numbers
have on each type of wheel's perimeter. Aside from these, and if we exclude
that the American roulette table is smaller than the one of the European,
these two types have no other major differences.
Photo of the Standard Roulette